Eleanor Keeble, Overseas Development Institute (ODI)
Collins Opiyo, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
Yohannes Kinfu, University of Canberra
We argue that the economic opportunities available to rural-to-urban migrants are found disproportionately by men. Our research will seek to establish whether gender inequality is worse among “movers” relative to “non-movers”. We will use data from the Democratic Health Survey (DHS) conducted in sub-Saharan Africa within the last five years. We will do a cross-country analysis, dividing countries into three categories to explore if the relationship changes with economic development. To increase data points we will also do an intra-country study, creating a gender inequality index within different regions of the countries. To complement this we may also do a difference in difference where the data allows. It is envisaged the results will show significant disparities in the gender inequality index between movers and non-movers. We believe that we would find greater gender inequality among movers compared to non-movers due to gender bias in economic opportunities found by rural-to-urban migrants.
Presented in Session 24. Internal Migration, Poverty and Inequality