The Effect of Method-Specific Attributes on Contraceptive Discontinuation and Switching: Analysis of Longitudinal Data from Nairobi and Homa Bay in Kenya.

Yohannes Dibaba Wado, African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC)
Michael M. Mutua, African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC)
Kazuyo Machiyama, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine
George Odwe, Population Council
John B. Casterline, Ohio State University
John G. Cleland, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)

This study examines the extent to which transition from current use to past use is associated with method-specific beliefs using data from two rounds of a prospective longitudinal study collected from married women ages 15-39 years from Nairobi and Homa Bay Counties in Kenya. Information on fertility preferences, contraceptive behavior, method-related beliefs on six modern contraceptive methods and Calendar data were collected. Data analysis involved both single and multiple decrement life-table analysis. The twelve-month discontinuation rate for all methods was 36.5%, and the probability of method switching during the same period was 16.9%. The most common method specific beliefs reported included method causes infertility, it is unsafe to use a method for a long time without break, interference with menstruation and side effects. Method related concerns and beliefs contributed to nearly 52% of the overall discontinuation rate. The findings call for improved family planning counseling and quality of care.

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  Presented in Session 120. Barriers to Contraceptive Use