Ezekiel N. Ngure, Population Studies and Research Institute, University of Nairobi
Rural-urban differentials in infant mortality is well documented in Kenya, ignoring factors contributing to the rural-urban gap. This study establishes factors contributing to widening or narrowing the rural-urban gap in Kenya. 2014 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey data was used. Factors significantly associated with infant mortality were analyzed using Blinder-Oaxaca Decomposition Model and their contribution to the gap computed. 92% of the rural-urban gap was explained by differences in distribution of covariates while 8% was due to their differences in coefficients. Distribution of source of drinking water; duration of breastfeeding and ethnicity contributed in widening the gap by 54%, 23% and 18% respectively. Distribution of mother’s age at birth and ever use of contraceptives contributed to the reduction of the gap by 7% and 2% respectively. Policies should focus on enhancing provision of health services and improving socioeconomic factors in urban areas to improve child survival and reduce observed inequalities.
Presented in Session 94. Urban Health and Wellbeing II