Early Childhood Development in Urban Slums of Johannesburg: Does Where Children Lives Matter?

Fulufhedzani Ravele
Nicole De Wet- Billings, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg

Early childhood development period is the most crucial development phase throughout lifespan The surrounding environment has a vital impact on the way that children brain develop; they play, explore their surrounding environment, and learn how to speak and listen to others during their early years. The study examine how the environment in urban slums of Johannesburg affects the early childhood development. This is a cross-sectional study, which utilize the General Household Survey (GHS) 2016. The study sample is 586 children who are residing in Johannesburg slums. Binary logistic regression was used to examine the association between the place of residence and early childhood development. Children living in urban slums of Johannesburg were associated with higher likelihood of not attending the Early Childhood development facility.

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  Presented in Session 128. Early Child Development: Micro and Macro Perspectives